Here is a common issue that can arise in the placement of hold down anchors. In this picture, two cast in place anchors interfered with the installation of the hold down anchors. The easiest fix from the Framer's perspective is to move the hold down to the nearest stud for a clean installation. This presents several items that the Engineer needs to consider prior to approving this change.
- As you can see in the picture, the fasteners provided with the anchor are too long for one stud. Hold down anchor manufacturers generally require an attachment to a minimum of two studs. Additional studs may be required to meet the manufacturer's specifications.
- If the hold down anchor is relocated away from the edge of the panel, does the shear wall diaphragm boundary element change? The tension load needs to be transferred into the stud pack with the hold down anchor. I recommend requiring the specified edge nailing be used to fasten the sheathing to the new stud pack at the relocated hold down anchor.
- By relocating the hold down anchor, the length of the shear wall changes. This may be critical in a high wind or seismic area. The design of the shear wall should be verified based on the field changes.
Merry Christmas and Happy New Year.